Concrete flooring is advantageous because it is durable, almost maintenance-free and relatively cheaper compared to alternatives such as hardwood and natural stone. In addition, there are different decorating techniques available in terms of colours and textures. This means that you can get ideal aesthetics to match the residential design and your artistic vision. If you are renovating or building a new home, here are the most common colouring materials to consider using in your project.

Water-Based Dyes

These dyes are applied on concrete surfaces through techniques such as spraying, brushing or using a roller. The colouring products are designed to penetrate the flooring surface for suitable results. The penetration level and the intensity of the colour will depend on factors like the porosity, age and cleanliness of the concrete. Water-based dyes are ideal for home use because they are odourless and safe for the environment.

In addition, they are easy to apply and the surface will dry quickly. The main drawback is that the dyes are sensitive to UV light so the coloured surfaces should not be exposed to direct sunlight.

Acid Stains

Acid stains are manufactured using an acid solution and metallic salts. This mixture reacts with the mineral elements in the concrete to create a coloured complex. The appearance of the surface is uniquely mottled and you can purchase and mix different stains to get the preferred hues. The interaction between the stain and concrete is intimate therefore the colour is permanent and will last as long as the floor.

In addition, you can use this colouring technique for both retrofits and new floor installations. You should note that acid stains are hazardous products so it is best to employ a professional for the application task.

Integral Colours

Integral colouring is a popular decorative technique and it is used only on new concrete floor installations. Basically, a colorant is added to the concrete during the mixing process such that the slabs are uniformly coloured. The pigment can be in form of powder or liquid and the colour is fade-resistant and highly durable. This colouring method is commonly used by concrete contractors to produce an appropriate background for stamped work.

For example, the fresh concrete can be coloured brick-red and then modified through texturing and stamping to mimic the appearance of actual bricks. Integral colours are only suitable for large areas which require a monochrome appearance because the application equipment is a ready-mix truck. You should not that this technique is fairly expensive since all the pertinent concrete must be coloured.

Learn more about your options by contacting companies like T & T Coastal Concreting.